Guidelines for Making Kids’ “Screen Time” Meaningful

It’s a fact: Children today are surrounded by all types of digital media from a very young age. Educators, parents and caregivers are left with the task of navigating through a multitude of handheld games, toys and online resources while debating the value of these different options.

Fortunately, research shows that computers can play a positive role in the education of children. Benefits include language, literacy and social development as well as the improvement of important problem-solving skills.

Experts and researchers in early childhood development offer the following guidelines for  computer use by youngsters:

•    Stick to a firm time limit for computer use. Recommended time for preschoolers (3-5 years) is 20-30 minutes.

•    Computers should supplement–and not replace—activities and materials such as art, books, music, outdoor exploration, experimenting with writing materials, dramatic play, and socializing with other children.

•    Guide and be on hand to help your child, answer questions and interact with your child as she works on the computer.

•    Look for online games, resources and Web sites with educational value. For example, PBS KIDS Island provides free research-based reading games and activities for children, parents, caregivers and teachers to use at home or in the classroom. PBS KIDS Island takes place in a virtual world, where children build an online island by playing games that feature beloved PBS KIDS television characters from award-winning shows, including “Sesame Street,” “Super WHY!,” “WordWorld,” “Martha Speaks” and “Between the Lions.” Games allow players to build and practice the critical skills needed to learn to read, like rhyming and letter identification. Parents and teachers are able to access children’s accounts to see how far their children have progressed in the

The site is an outgrowth of PBS KIDS Raising Readers, a multi-faceted initiative that focuses on using media to help children ages 2-8 build reading skills. The initiative is funded in part by a Ready To Learn grant from the
U.S. Department of Education, part of a cooperative agreement with the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB), PBS and The Ready To Learn Partnership. For more information, visit

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