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|NewsUSA) – Each year, more than 780,000 Americans suffer a stroke. It is the third leading cause of death and a leading cause of long-term disability in the United States. African-Americans suffer more severe strokes than white Americans, and tend to have a higher rate of risk factors such as high blood pressure and smoking.
Many people do not know the symptoms or what to do when they witness someone having a stroke. The following information is provided to you by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS).
“For African-Americans, stroke is more common and more deadly — even in young and middle-aged adults — than for any other ethnic or racial group in the country. It is critical to recognize the symptoms of a stroke, call 9-1-1, and get to a hospital quickly,” said Salina Waddy, M.D., program director, Office of Minority Health and Research, NINDS. “The good news is that treatments are available that can save people’s lives and improve their chances for successful recovery.”
A stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted or if bleeding occurs in or around the brain. Brain cells die when deprived of oxygen and nutrients provided by blood. Because a stroke injures the brain, if you are having a stroke, you may not realize what is happening. But to a bystander the signs of a stroke are distinct:
* Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg (especially on one side of the body)
* Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding speech
* Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
* Sudden trouble walking, dizziness or loss of balance or coordination
* Sudden severe headache with no known cause
In treating a stroke, every minute counts. Treatments are available that greatly reduce the damage caused by a stroke. But you need to arrive at the hospital within 60 minutes after symptoms start in order to receive some treatments. Knowing the symptoms of a stroke, making note of the time of the first stroke symptom, and getting to the hospital quickly can help you act in time to save yourself — or someone you know — from serious long-term disability.
Making changes in your lifestyle can help prevent stroke. The NINDS, part of the National Institutes of Health, is dedicated to research and education on the causes, treatments and prevention of stroke. Risk factors include high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, family history of stroke, high cholesterol, and being overweight. Talk to your doctor and let him or her know about the concerns you may have about the risk factors of stroke. Find out your risks and take action.
More information on stroke, including how to reduce risk factors, is available in the NINDS materials. Order free materials by calling 1-800-352-9424 or by visiting www.stroke.nih.gov.
|NewsUSA) – Spring is in the air. During these months of renewal and growth, ask yourself whether you are doing all you can to help a child in need. Are you helping to plant the seeds of success in children less fortunate; those who perhaps are lingering in foster care because they were abused or neglected?
The findings from a National Online Harris Poll commissioned by the National Court Appointed Special Advocate (CASA) Association show that 87 percent of Americans believe improving foster care should be a national priority. The poll also found that although the community deems the issue important, 83 percent of adults polled know little or nothing about the experiences of children in foster care. Despite their lack of awareness of foster care, 73 percent of adults surveyed agree that they have the potential to positively influence the lives of foster children.
“These are people we — and our foster youth — so desperately need,” said National CASA CEO Michael Piraino. “We know that when a CASA volunteer is involved, children are 95 percent less likely to re-enter the foster care system. There are people out there who are willing to help, they just don’t know how.”
When asked what foster children want, they say it’s simple — “We just want someone to be there to listen. We trust people who are willing to listen to us.”
“African-American children represent 32 percent of America’s 510,000 children in foster care but only 15 percent of the general population. Not only are these children disproportionately overrepresented in foster care, but once in the foster care system, children of color tend to receive fewer services, stay in care longer and generally have worse outcomes than white children,” said Ernestine S. Gray, National CASA Board president and Orleans Parish Juvenile Court Judge in New Orleans.
To learn about volunteering, visit www.nationalcasa.org. You can also call 1-888-805-8457. Today, more than 950 CASA/GAL offices operate in 49 states, with more than 59,000 men and women serving as CASA/GAL volunteers.
|NewsUSA) – Quemazón, hormigueo o sensación adormecida en los pies y dedos puede indicar diabetes de acuerdo con el Colegio Americano de Cirujanos de Pies y Tobillos (ACFAS en sus siglas en inglés).
La neuropatía diabética periférica, o daño en el nervio del pie, puede llevar al adormecimiento permanente, deformidad tales como juanetes o dedos doblados, y a que el pie se seque y provoque grietas en la piel que no se cierren. En los Estados Unidos la diabetes es la causa principal de la neuropatía periférica y puede llevar a complicaciones en el pie.
“La neuropatía diabética periférica no es sólo una enfermedad dolorosa sino también peligrosa”, afirma el cirujano de pie y tobillos de Boston John M. Giurini, DPM, FACFAS, presidente de la asociación de 6.000 miembros, “Es una enfermedad que contribuye potencialmente a las úlceras de pie en la gente con diabetes”.
De los 23 millones de americanos que padecen la diabetes, uno de cada cuatro no ha sido diagnosticado. Algunas personas se enteran que tienen diabetes sólo después de ver al doctor por problemas de quemazón, hormigueo y adormecimiento en los dedos de sus pies. Mucha gente que ya ha sido diagnosticada con diabetes no sabe nada de los síntomas de la neuropatía. Según FootPhysicians.com, incluso aquellos pacientes diabéticos que tienen un excelente control de la azúcar en la sangre pueden desarrollar neuropatía diabética.
Las medicinas pueden tratar el dolor provocado por la neuropatía, pero el daño en el nervio no puede ser reparado. “Cuando tienes diabetes y especialmente neuropatía diabética, un pequeño corte en el pie puede convertirse en algo serio” afirma Giurini. “Las estadísticas sobre úlceras diabéticas hablan por sí solas”.
El veinte por ciento de los pacientes diabéticos que desarrollan úlceras requieren una amputación. Aquellos pacientes de raza negra, hispanos o americanos nativos tienen el doble de posibilidad de necesitar una amputación relacionada con la diabetes que los de raza blanca. La mitad de todas las personas con diabetes que han sufrido una amputación de dedo o pie mueren en los tres años siguientes. Los costes anuales de los tratamientos de úlcera diabética en los Estados Unidos se estiman que son de $5 billones.
Para más información sobre la neuropatía diabética periférica visita FootPhysicians.com.
|NewsUSA) – Everyone has a different vision of what Martin Luther King, Jr. meant to the world. King was a philosopher, a preacher, a man of peace and a risk taker. He was strong, thoughtful, intelligent and direct in his mission to spread hope, justice and democracy for all.
There have always been strong opinions regarding our national memorials -; from the location and aesthetics of the National World War II Memorial to the abstract design of the Vietnam Memorial.
A passionate discussion has surfaced surrounding the design of the Washington, D.C. Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial.
Recently, we received a letter from one member of the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts (CFA) regarding the Stone of Hope, calling the image “confrontational” and creating a stir in the press. What did not get reported was that there are seven design elements required for CFA final approval, and we had received a “green light” on all but one.
While it is not unusual for the CFA and foundations similar to ours to have creative differences, we were surprised at the criticism, since we had submitted images of the Stone of Hope to the CFA since November.
We scheduled a face-to-face meeting with the chairman of the CFA this week. We agreed that some tweaking needs to be made, not a major overhaul. We will submit an updated image, and it is our hope to receive final CFA approval.
During our Design Competition in 2000, our team considered more than 1,000 images and pictures of Dr. King. It was ultimately decided that the image of him with his arms folded, as portrayed by photographer Bob Fitch, was ideal.
Mr. Isaac Newton Farris Jr., the nephew of Dr. King and president and chief executive officer of The King Center in Atlanta, agreed with our selection. “He said, “My uncle was very strong and confrontational with the weapon of love and nonviolence.”
Now, we should work on the task at hand -; building a four-acre memorial honoring Dr. King. The memorial will be the first on the National Mall to honor a man of peace and a person of color. The Washington, D.C. Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial Project Foundation has already raised $93 million from individuals, corporations and foundations, and we anticipate beginning construction shortly.
McKissack & McKissack, an African American woman-owned architectural and construction firm, will head the Design-Build team. The majority of the granite used will be domestic granite -; we will soon announce the sources of that granite.
We are confident that, at the end of the day, we will build a memorial which honors the legacy of Dr. King and one that inspires visitors from across the globe.
|NewsUSA) – Colorectal cancer is the number-two cancer killer in the U.S. Unfortunately, few people realize that there are a number of simple screening tests that can make colorectal cancer one of the most preventable cancers.
Most colon cancers begin as polyps which, if not removed, can become cancerous. The development of more than 75-90 percent of colorectal cancer can be avoided through early detection and removal of these pre-cancerous polyps. The digestive health specialists from the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) urge you to get screened for colorectal cancer.
Colorectal cancer is most common after age 50, but it can strike at younger ages. The chance of colon cancer increases with age. It’s suggested that screenings begin at age 50 for men and women at average risk for colorectal cancer. African-Americans should begin colorectal cancer screening as early as age 45. African-Americans are diagnosed with colorectal cancer at a younger average age than whites, and African-Americans with colorectal cancer have a decreased survival rate compared with whites.
Colonoscopy is considered the best test for colorectal cancer screening and prevention because it allows physicians to look directly at the entire colon and identify suspicious growths. It is the only test that can detect and remove pre-cancerous polyps from the colon during the same examination.
For average-risk individuals, the ACG recommends colonoscopy screening every 10 years beginning at age 50 as the preferred strategy. Alternative strategies for average risk individuals include annual stool tests to detect blood and flexible sigmoidoscopic exams every five years, although unlike colonoscopy this approach does not allow visualization and removal of polyps in the entire colon. The ACG urges you to talk to your doctor about what screening tests are right for you.
There is no reason for someone to die from a preventable cancer. With improved use of colon cancer screening, we can save lives. Colorectal cancer screening with colonoscopy is among the most powerful preventive tools in clinical medicine. To learn more about the benefits of colorectal cancer screening, speak with your doctor or visit www.acg.gi.org.
|NewsUSA) – During the 1963 March on Washington, Martin Luther King, Jr. stood on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial and delivered what would become his most famous public words. King’s “I Have a Dream” speech left an indelible imprint on hundreds of thousands of civil rights demonstrators that day and would continue to do so for generations to come. Now, more than 45 years after King’s inspirational words rang through the crowd of more than 200,000 people, plans for King’s legacy to be immortalized in a large-scale memorial are fast becoming a reality.
In early 2008, construction will commence at the site of the the Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial, a four-acre plot located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. For the past 10 years, the Washington, DC Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial Project Foundation has led this historic effort, taking the helm after it was conceived more than two decades ago. Throughout this time span, the Foundation has remained committed to King’s legacy, virtues and humanity for all people -; regardless of race, color or creed.
“This year we will see the culmination of a decade’s worth of work,” said Harry E. Johnson, Sr., president and CEO of the MLK National Memorial Project Foundation. “We enthusiastically anticipate reaching a number of key milestones that will bring the national MLK Memorial one step closer to taking its permanent residence on the National Mall in our nation’s capital.”
The MLK Memorial will be situated adjacent to the FDR Memorial, directly between the Lincoln and Jefferson Memorials. The centerpiece of the MLK Memorial is the “Stone of Hope,” a three-story statue of King that emerges from a stone wall of granite. A grove of cherry trees will also encompass the landmark to underscore themes of justice, love and hope.
“To date, we have raised nearly $90 million for the MLK National Memorial Project -; but we are still working tirelessly to meet the $100-million goal required to actually build and maintain the memorial,” Johnson said.
For more information on the Washington, DC Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial Project, or to find out how to contribute, visit www.BuildtheDream.org or call 1-888-4-THE-DREAM.